June 19, 2024

Dyslexia, Dysgraphia and Dyscalculia

3 min read
Dyslexia, Dysgraphia and Dyscalculia

Learning disabilities such as dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia are signs of specific learning difficulties. Teaching coping mechanisms or compensatory alternative learning techniques can be beneficial in early intervention for learning disorders.

Three of the most typical learning disabilities that teachers encounter are dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia. Despite their high prevalence, they frequently manifest in each student in a unique way, and occasionally they even overlap. Your ability to address the unique needs of students who have one or more of these disabilities and create a positive, productive learning environment for all students will depend on your ability to recognize the differences and nuances between them.

What is Dyslexia?

Individuals who are dyslexic have difficulty with written expression, accuracy, and comprehension at a rate that is inconsistent with their cognitive ability.

They may also have difficulties with phonological processing (hearing and manipulating the separate sounds within words).

The inability to recognize that letters or groups of letters within written words can represent sounds makes it difficult for readers to read because of their lack of phonological awareness skills.

Symptoms of Dyslexia

  • Having trouble understanding how letters and sounds relate to one another
  • Common words that is frequently misread or misspelled
  • Frequently miss instructions
  • When reading, frequently use synonyms for words that look similar
  • Applying spelling rules is challenging
  • Reading doesn’t seem to get any better with additional assistance
  • Aversion to literacy-related activities
  • Seem to be working very hard, but the results are lacking
  • Have trouble understanding a passage after reading it due to poor word recognition

What is Dysgraphia?

The specific learning disorder known as dysgraphia is characterized by language difficulties, including the inability to produce legible, meaningful, structured writing, express ideas clearly, and spell correctly. Unexpectedly, dysgraphia comes in two flavors: motor-based and language-based.

Dysgraphia with a motor component affects the handwriting of patients because they have trouble with fine motor skills.

Symptoms of Dysgraphia

  • Writing unclear, inconsistent, inconsistent letters with a variety of slants, shapes, upper- and lowercase combinations, and a combination of print and cursive
  • Frequently erasing or omitting letters from their work
  • Slowly writing and copying, particularly when copying from the board
  • When writing, having an odd grip, unusual wrist, body, or paper position can sometimes leave your hand feeling fatigued
  • Inadequate spatial planning (difficulty spacing things out on paper)

Dysgraphia with a language component affects a person’s ability to translate spoken language into written form. These are some indicators of this kind:

  • Having issues with sentence structure in writing but not in speaking
  • Unable to organize their thoughts or put them into coherent sentences on paper
  • Showing a significant difference between a subject’s knowledge in written and spoken form
  • Writing and thinking don’t work at the same time
  • Struggling with creative writing assignments

What is Dyscalculia?

While dyslexia and dysgraphia both have an impact on reading and written communication, dyscalculia makes it extremely difficult to process numbers, time, and space. Additionally, for students with this learning difference, simple math equations can be overwhelming. Language processing is additionally more difficult, just like dyslexia and dysgraphia.

A specific math learning disability is called dyscalculia. It has an impact on how well people understand mathematical concepts that involve symbols or functions. Individuals may experience challenges while in school, but they can also cause problems in your day-to-day activities.

Dyscalculia signs and symptoms

  • Issues with counting
  • Unsure of which number is greater
  • Failing to remember math facts (multiplication tables)
  • Confusing signs and symbols printed on paper
  • Time and direction are difficult concepts.
  • Being unable to remember timetables, sequences of previous or upcoming events; being constantly late
  • Errors in number writing, reading, and memory
  • Having trouble understanding and recalling math concepts
  • Inability to comprehend spatial orientation, which makes it difficult to follow instructions or read a map

Dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia therapy

For kids with learning disorders like dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia, TalktoAngel has experience designing and implementing intervention programs.

Our therapists are prepared to use these intervention programs with children who are at risk of literacy failure to help them learn more efficiently.

In order to provide your child with the most thorough care possible, TalktoAngel Psychological Services will collaborate with other specialists (such as occupational therapists and speech therapists) as needed.

To speak with the top mental health professionals online, visit TalktoAngel. You can search by “Online counsellor” or “Online counselling” regardless of the search criteria.