June 19, 2024


4 min read

A sense of discontinuity and separation from one’s thoughts, memories, environment, activities, and identity are hallmarks of dissociative disorders, a mental illness. Dissociative disorders cause people to unintentionally and unhealthily flee reality, making it hard for them to go about their daily lives. Dissociative issues ordinarily emerge because of injury and block out upsetting recollections. Your symptoms, which can include forgetfulness and multiple identities, can be influenced by the type of dissociative disorder you have. Situations that are stressful may temporarily aggravate symptoms, making them more obvious.

Contingent upon the kind of dissociative issue you have, you might encounter the accompanying signs and side effects:

  • Amnesia, or memory loss, of particular events, people, places, and personal details
  • an emotional and personal feeling of distance
  • A distorted and irrational view of the people and things in your environment
  • No clear idea of who you are
  • Having a lot of stress or issues at work, in relationships, or in other critical areas of your life not being able to handle stress well.

Dissociative identity disorder: This disease, which was formerly known as multiple personality disorder, is characterised by “switching” to different identities. You might also feel like you are being controlled by multiple personalities and hear the voices of two or more people speaking to you or living in your head. Each identity may have its own name, history, personality traits, like voice, gender, mannerisms, and even physical characteristics like the need for glasses. In addition, the manner in which each identity is familiarized with the others varies.

Dissociative Memory Loss: The primary symptom is memory loss that is not caused by a medical condition and is more severe than regular forgetfulness.

¬†Especially after a traumatic experience, it is impossible to remember details about oneself, events, or individuals in one’s life.Dissociative amnesia may involve total loss of memory, which is less common, or it may be specific to past experiences like violent warfare. Dissociative fugue (traveling or aimlessly wandering away from your life) is one example.

Disorder of depersonalization and derealization. This is experiencing a pervasive or sporadic sense of being detached from or outside oneself and observing one’s own thoughts, feelings, and actions as if one were watching a movie (depersonalization). Derealization is a condition in which other people and the world around you may appear distant, hazy, or dreamlike, and time may appear to have sped up or slowed down.

Dissociative fugue:

A brief condition known as a dissociative fugue occurs when a person experiences amnesia and finds themselves in an unexpected place. People who have this symptom are unable to recall their identity or specifics of their past. This also goes by the labels “fugue” or “fugue condition.” The Latin word for fleeing or running away is fugue, which is why this symptom entails moving around or wandering. Fugue state sufferers frequently don’t notice memory gaps until they’re confronted with concrete evidence that they can’t recall things. People who experience this symptom may wander or accidentally go to certain places. They frequently feel perplexed when they awaken from the fugue state since they can’t recall how they got there.Dissociative fugue is a form of amnesia that develops as a result of a severe psychological trauma rather than a physical injury, disease, or other illness. It’s a severe case of dissociative amnesia, which is uncommon.A person suffering from dissociative fugue won’t remember their past or anything about themself. Autobiographical memories are a term that has been used to describe the kind of memories that they lose. The condition is a way for the person to get out of a really stressful circumstance that they can’t handle.


  • A scenario that puts the person under a great deal of emotional strain can lead to dissociative fugue. It is thought that the dissociative fugue is the person’s way of getting away from the stress that they are unable to handle otherwise.
  • A common cause of dissociative fugue is some serious sexual trauma. Other potential factors include intense embarrassment or feelings of shame
  • Trauma resulting from a war Trauma resulting from an accident Trauma resulting from a natural disaster Kidnapping Torture enduring emotional or physical abuse as a youngster
  • The person may have experienced these atrocities firsthand, or they may have witnessed them and were badly traumatised by what they saw. Additionally, it’s possible that a person’s genetic makeup predisposes them to dissociative fugue.


The first step in treating dissociative fugue is to rule out any underlying medical disorders that could impair memory. Dissociative fugue cannot be diagnosed with a specific test. In order to rule out any conditions that might be causing memory loss, a doctor will want to do a number of tests.

  • establishing a secure environment
  • aid in retrieving forgotten memories
  • assistance reestablishing a normal life after the trauma
  • progressively identifying, addressing, and then treating the trauma that first gave rise to dissociative fugue
  • acquiring coping skills to cope with stressful events more effectively in the future
  • resuming normal life activities
  • enhancing and strengthening connections

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